vim写程序常用技巧 | 重归混沌的BLOG

vim写程序常用技巧


"Set ma pleader
let g:mapleader = ","

set nocompatible

set backspace=indent,eol,start

"显示行号
set nu

"标签
let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1
let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavArrows = 1
let g:miniBufExplMapCTabSwitchBufs = 1
let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 1

"windows manger
let g:winManagerWindowLayout='FileExplorer'
nmap wm :WMToggle

"打开语法高亮
syntax on
"let asmsyntax="gas"
let asmsyntax="nasm"
"设置字体
set guifont=DejaVu Sans Mono 12

"设置缩进
set softtabstop=8
set shiftwidth=8
set expandtab

"关闭toolbar
set guioptions-=T

"关闭自动备份
set nobackup

set completeopt=longest,menu

"自动格式化
set formatoptions=tcrqn

"在行和段开始处使用制表符
set smarttab

"在normal模式下使用系统剪贴板
"set clipboard+=unnamed

"自动缩进设置
set cindent
set smartindent
set incsearch
set autoindent
set cinoptions=:0
"Show matching bracets
set showmatch

"Get out of VI's compatible mode
set nocompatible

"Have the mouse enabled all the time
set mouse=a

"Set to auto read when a file is changed from the outside
set autoread

"Enable filetype plugin
filetype plugin indent on

"设置配色方案为torte
"colo torte
colo desert
"colo tango
"设置支持的文件编码类项,目前设置为utf-8和gbk两种类型
set fenc=utf-8
set fileencodings=utf-8,chinese,gb18030,gbk,gb2312,cp936
set enc=utf-8
let &termencoding=&encoding

"设置断词
set linebreak

"设置搜索结果高亮显示
set hlsearch

"设置记录的历史操作列表
set history=200

"设置折叠
set foldenable
set foldcolumn=2
set foldlevel=3

"打开目录时不显示隐藏目录和文件
let g:netrw_hide= 1
let g:netrw_list_hide= '^..*'

"AutoCommand
" 鼠标跳到上次关闭时,编辑的位置
" When editing a file, always jump to the last known cursor position.
" Don't do it when the position is invalid or when inside an event handler
" (happens when dropping a file on gvim).
autocmd BufReadPost *
if line("'"") > 0 && line("'"") <= line("$") | exe "normal g`"" | endif "新建.c,.h.cpp,.sh,.java,.php,.py文件自动打开Taglist autocmd BufNewFile *.[ch],*.cpp,*.sh,*.java,*.php,*.py exec ":call SetTitle()" "读入.c,.h.cpp,.sh,.java,.php,.py文件自动打开Taglist "autocmd BufRead *.[ch],*.cpp,*.sh,*.java,*.php,*.py exec ":Tlist" "新建文件后,自动定位到文件末尾 autocmd BufNewFile * normal G "如果是新建的php文件,则自动定位到最后第二行 autocmd BufNewFile *.php normal k "写入.c,.h.cpp,.sh,.java,.php,.py文件自动更新ctags autocmd BufWrite *.[ch],*.cpp,*.sh,*.java,*.php,*.py exec ":!ctags -R *" " "读入python文件,设置缩进格式 autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *.py set cinwords=if,elif,else,for,while,try,expect,finally,def,class "读入C文件,设置折叠方式为syntax autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *.[ch],*.cpp set foldmethod=syntax "读入其它文件,设置折叠方式为indent autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *.py,*.sh,*.java,*.php set foldmethod=indent "设置Java代码的自动补全 autocmd FileType java setlocal omnifunc=javacomplete#Complete "autocmd FileType java set tags=./tags,./../tags,./http://www.cnblogs.com/tags "设置输入代码的自动补全 "autocmd BufEnter * call DoWordComplete() set complete=.,w,b,u,t,i,k set completeopt=longest,menu "设置当回复邮件时自动定位到最后一行 autocmd BufRead /tmp/mutt-* normal G "autocmd BufRead /tmp/mutt-* normal $ "绑定自动补全的快捷键;
imap ;

"绑定复制到系统剪贴板快捷键
vmap c "+y
nmap c "+y

"绑定粘贴系统剪贴板内容快捷键
"imap v "+p "不设置insert模式下的快捷键,因为会造成无法输入,v
vmap v "+p
nmap v "+p

"设定开关Taglist插件的快捷键为F4,可以在VIM的左侧栏列出函数列表等
map :Tlist

"设置程序的运行和调试的快捷键F5和Ctrl-F5
map :call CompileRun()
map :call Debug()
"设置手动更新tags文件
map :!ctags -R *
map :!splint %
"设置tab操作的快捷键,绑定:tabnew到t,绑定:tabn, :tabp到n,
"p
map t :tabnew
map n :tabn
map p :tabp

"设置空格键开关折叠
nmap @=((foldclosed(line('.')) < 0) ? 'zc' : 'zo')

"使用r打开上次运行的命令
nmap r :

"用cscope支持
set csprg=/usr/bin/cscope
let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd='/usr/local/bin/ctags'
let Tlist_Show_One_File=1
let Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow=1
let Tlist_Use_Right_Window=1
"默认打开Taglist
let Tlist_Auto_Open=1

"设置搜索的tags文件范围
set tags=./tags,./../tags,./http://www.cnblogs.com/tags,/usr/include/tags,/usr/src/linux-3.2.6/include/tags

"使用e打开当前文件同目录中的文件
if has("unix")
map e :e =expand("%:p:h") . "/"
else
map e :e =expand("%:p:h") . ""
endif

"定义CompileRun函数,用来调用进行编译和运行
func CompileRun()
exec "w"
"C程序
if &filetype == 'c'
exec "!gcc % -g -o %<" exec "!./%<" "Java程序 elseif &filetype == 'java' exec "!javac %" exec "!java %<" "php程序 elseif &filetype == 'php' exec "!php %" "bash程序 elseif &filetype == 'sh' exec "!bash %" "python程序 elseif &filetype == "python" exec "!python %" endif endfunc "结束定义CompileRun "定义Debug函数,用来调试程序 func Debug() exec "w" "C程序 if &filetype == 'c' exec "!gcc % -g -o %<" exec "!gdb %<" "Java程序 elseif &filetype == 'java' exec "!javac %" exec "!jdb %<" "Php程序 elseif &filetype == 'php' exec "!php %" "bash程序 elseif &filetype == 'sh' exec "!bash -x %" "python程序 elseif &filetype == 'python' exec "!pdb %" endif endfunc "结束定义Debug "定义函数SetTitle,自动插入文件头 func SetTitle() "如果文件类型为.sh文件 if &filetype == 'sh' || &filetype == 'python' call setline(1, "#========================================================================") call append(line("."), "# Author: findstr") call append(line(".")+1, "# Email: findstr@sina.com") call append(line(".")+2, "# File Name: ".expand("%")) call append(line(".")+3, "# Description: ") call append(line(".")+4, "# ") call append(line(".")+5, "# Edit History: ") call append(line(".")+6, "# ".strftime("%Y-%m-%d")." File created.") call append(line(".")+7, "#========================================================================") call append(line(".")+8, "") "其它程序文件 else call setline(1, "/**") call append(line("."), "=========================================================================") call append(line(".")+1, " Author: findstr") call append(line(".")+2, " Email: findstr@sina.com") call append(line(".")+3, " File Name: ".expand("%")) call append(line(".")+4, " Description: (C) ".strftime("%Y-%m"). " findstr") call append(line(".")+5, " ") call append(line(".")+6, " Edit History: ") call append(line(".")+7, " ".strftime("%Y-%m-%d")." File created.") call append(line(".")+8, "=========================================================================") call append(line(".")+9, "**/") call append(line(".")+10, "") endif "如果为php文件,添加相应头和尾 if &filetype == 'php' call append(0, "")
endif
"如果为sh文件,添加相应的头
if &filetype == 'sh'
call append(0, "#!/bin/bash")
"如果为python文件,添加相应的头和编码设定
elseif &filetype == 'python'
call append(0, "#!/usr/bin/python")
call append(1, "# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-")
endif
endfunc

"ececute project relate configuration in current directory
if filereadable("workspace.vim")
source workspace.vim
endif



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